What is Alopecia?
Alopecia areata, sometimes in clumps the size and form of a fifth, is an autoimmune disease that causes your hair to come out. The amount of hair loss in every person is different. Some people only lose it in a couple of places. Others are losing a lot. Often the hair grows again, but later it falls out again. In others, for good, hair grows back.
There are distinct manifestations of this disease. In its primary form, alopecia areata is the most common, but other, more unusual forms exist:
Alopecia areata totalis means that all the hair on your head has been lost to you.
The loss of hair over your entire body is Alopecia areata Universalis.
Diffuse alopecia areata, rather than lost patches, is a sudden thinning of the hair.
Ophiasis alopecia areata produces hair loss along the head's sides and back in a band formation.
Symptoms of Alopecia
Hair loss is the primary, and sometimes the only, symptom of alopecia. Maybe you may notice:
Small bald patches or other parts of your body on your scalp
Patches can grow larger and develop into a bald spot together.
In one place, hair grows back and falls out in another.
You lose a lot of hair in a short period of time,
More loss of hair in cold weather
Red, brittle, and pitted fingernails and toenails become
Causes and Risk Factors of Alopecia
Your immune system assaults your body when you have an autoimmune disease. It's the hair follicles that are attacked by alopecia areata.